1. I
when you are wrong, never explain если ты не прав, не пытайся оправдываться
2. III
explain smth.
1) explain the lesson (my meaning, the meaning of these words, this phenomenon, a situation, etc.) объяснить урок и т.д.; explain one's idea (an obscure point, a statement, a passage in a book, etc.) разъяснить /пояснить/ свою мысль и т.д.
2) explain smb.'s behaviour (smb.'s absence, one's conduct, matters. etc.) объяснять причины чьего-л. поведения и т.д. /чье-л. поведение и т.д./
3. IV
explain smth. in some manner
1) explain smth. carefully (exactly, adequately, briefly, fully, completely, volubly, etc.) подробно и т.д. объяснять что-л.; how can you explain such a silly remark? чем /как/ вы можете объяснить такое глупое замечание?
2) explain smth. apologetically (lamely, haltingly, elaborately, etc.) оправдывать /объяснять/ что-л. извиняющимся тоном и т.д.; explain smth. disarmingly обезоружить [кого-л.] своим объяснением
4. XI
be explained in some manner this is easily explaind это легко объяснить; be explained by smth. this action may be explained by the circumstances этот поступок объясняется обстоятельствами
explain oneself explain yourself объясните, что вы имеете в виду; why did you do it? E. yourself почему вы так поступили? Объясните, что заставило вас так поступить?
6. XXI1
explain smth. to smb. explain a rule (a passage, this problem, a method, a matter, etc.) to smb. объяснять правило и т.д. кому-л.; the teacher explained long division to the class учитель объяснил классу деление столбиком; explain smth. by (in, to) smth. he explained it by analogy он объяснил это при помощи аналогии; how can I explain it in words? не знаю, как это выразить словами?; he explained it to my satisfaction его объяснение меня удовлетворило
7. XXV
explain how... (what..., where..., that..., etc.) explain how to do it (where to begin, how the machine works, what this means, how the results were obtained, that results were obtained by electricity, whether this is possible, why one is late, etc.) объяснять, как это сделать и т.д.; explain that he had been delayed by the weather (that he had to leave at once, etc.) говорить в свое оправдание /оправдываться тем/, что он опоздал из-за погоды и т.д.
explain to smb. how... (where..., that..., etc.) explain to smb. how to get there (what to say, where to find him, that he is expected, etc.) объяснять кому-л., как туда добраться и т.д.

English-Russian dictionary of verb phrases. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?


Смотреть что такое "explain" в других словарях:

  • explain — 1 Explain, expound, explicate, elucidate, interpret, construe are comparable when they mean to make oneself or another understand the meaning of something. Explain, the most general term, implies a making of something plain or intelligible to… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Explain — Ex*plain ([e^]ks*pl[=a]n ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Explained}([e^]ks*pl[=a]nd ); p. pr. & vb. n. {Explaining}.] [L. explandare to flatten, spread out, explain; ex out + plandare to make level or plain, planus plain: cf. OF. esplaner, explaner. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • explain — [ek splān′, iksplān′] vt. [ME explanen < L explanare, to flatten < ex , out + planare, to make level < planus, level (see PLANE2): sp. infl. by PLAIN1] 1. to make clear, plain, or understandable 2. to give the meaning or interpretation… …   English World dictionary

  • explain — (v.) early 15c., from L. explanare to make level, smooth out; also to explain, make clear (see EXPLANATION (Cf. explanation)). Originally explane, spelling altered by influence of plain. In 17c., occasionally used more literally, of the unfolding …   Etymology dictionary

  • explain — ► VERB 1) make clear by giving a detailed description. 2) give a reason or justification for. 3) (explain oneself) excuse or justify one s motives or conduct. 4) (explain away) minimize the significance of (something awkward) by giving an excuse… …   English terms dictionary

  • Explain — Ex*plain , v. i. To give an explanation. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • explain — I verb account for, annotate, assign a meaning to, cause to be understood, clarify, clear of obscurity, clear up, decipher, define, demonstrate, describe, disentangle, elucidate, enlighten, enucleate, exemplify, expedire, explanare, explicate,… …   Law dictionary

  • explain — [v] make clear; give a reason for account for, analyze, annotate, break down, bring out, clarify, clear up, construe, decipher, define, demonstrate, describe, diagram, disclose, elucidate, excuse, explicate, expound, get across*, go into detail,… …   New thesaurus

  • explain — ex|plain W1S1 [ıkˈspleın] v [I and T] [Date: 1500 1600; : Latin; Origin: explanare to make level, unfold , from planus level, flat ] 1.) to tell someone about something in a way that is clear or easy to understand ▪ Our lawyer carefully explained …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • explain — ex|plain [ ık spleın ] verb *** 1. ) transitive to tell someone something in a way that helps them understand it better: My full name is Juliet Avery, Juliet explained patiently. explain something to someone: The doctor explained the risks to me… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • explain */*/*/ — UK [ɪkˈspleɪn] / US verb Word forms explain : present tense I/you/we/they explain he/she/it explains present participle explaining past tense explained past participle explained 1) a) [transitive] to tell someone something in a way that helps… …   English dictionary

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»